Christians believe that the world is created by God. Therefore all beings in the world come from God in one form or another. Human beings have a responsibility to care for all life, for everything in the world.
The Roman Catholic and the Orthodox churches forbid abortion totally as we can see from the quote above. In the Document on Procured Abortion (1974) the RC church also states
The Church of England and most of the Protestant churches agree with the RC and Orthodox churches in principle but they agree that each case is special. Therefore while abortion is generally not accepted, especially as a method of birth control, it may be permitted in certain cases:
"To regard the life of the mother as less valuable
than that of the unborn child does not consider her 'right to
life' in terms of her wider roles of wife or mother (actual or
potential) of other children, as well in terms of her own person"
Abortion, an Ethical Discussion, Church information office 1965, p33
The question that we must ask when considering the issue is "Is Abortion Murder?" as no Christian should contemplate murder (6th commandment "You shall not kill"). Obviously a fully grown baby emerging from the womb is alive in its own right but is the union of sperm and ovum (the zygote) "alive" in a recognised sense ? The foetus has a 'brain' and a circulatory system - is this enough? Should we consider the moment that the foetus can survive outside the womb as the moment it becomes alive? Then do we consider the use of medicine to keep it alive? It is vital for Christians to be able to answer this question for they must support one side of the argument. Either the doctors who perform the operation are removing an unthinking, unfeeling bundle of protoplasm from the mother's womb or they are killing a human being capable of experiencing sensations.
What the churches say - Medical Issues
Beliefs, Values and Traditions pages 98 - 100
Contemporary Moral Issues - pages 98 - 101
Ethics and Religions - page 46 - 55
From the GCSE Revision Site